Health Topics: Infectious Diseases

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease is a common viral illness that usually affects infants and children younger than 5 years old. However, it can sometimes occur in adults. Symptoms include fever, blister-like sores in the mouth (herpangina), and a skin rash.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a viral infection of the liver where the liver becomes inflamed, tender, and swollen.


Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by viral or bacterial organisms. Cultures and serologic testing are used to identify the specific cause.


Mumps is an acute, viral infection characterized by a non-specific prodrome with myalgia, loss of appetite, fatigue, headache, and fever. These symptoms are followed by acute onset of unilateral or bilateral tender swelling of the parotid or other salivary glands.


Gastrointestinal illnesses, such as norovirus, are defined by irritation of the mucous membrane of the intestinal tract. Common symptoms include, acute diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.

Pertussis (Whooping Cough)

Pertussis, also know as whooping cough, is a highly communicable bacterial infection involving the respiratory tract.

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella (German Measles) is a mild febrile illness with a diffuse punctate, maculopapular rash that resembles the rash of several other communicable diseases.

Rubeola (regular Measles)

Rubeola (regular Measles) is a very contagious illness. Symptoms usually start with cold like symptoms - cough , fever, runny nose and red, watery eyes.

Skin Infections

Information about MRSA (Methacillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus) infections, with an overview of higher risk groups and prevention suggestions.


Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease (usually involving the lungs) caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

Varicella (Chickenpox)

Varicella, also known as chickenpox, is an acute, generalized, viral disease that is more easily transmitted than other communicable diseases, especially in the early stages.